The Internet Protocol Suites

The Internet Protocol (IP) is the principal communications protocol in the Internet protocol suite for relaying datagrams across network boundaries. Its routing function enables inter networking, and essentially establishes the Internet.
There are many Internet protocol suite. Heres are the most popular ones-

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
The Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) is a standardized networking protocol used by servers on an IP network to allocate IP addresses to computers. The purpose of DHCP is to automate the IP address configuration of a computer without a network administrator.

Domain Name System
he Domain Name System (DNS) is a hierarchical distributed naming system for computers, services, or any resource connected to the Internet or a private serves as the phone book for the Internet by translating human-friendly computer hostnames into IP addresses.
DHCPv6 is a network protocol that is used for configuring IPv6 hosts with IP addresses, IP prefixes and/or other configuration required to operate on an IPv6 network.

File Transfer Protocol
File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is a standard network protocol used to transfer files from one host to another host over a TCP-based network, such as the Internet.
FTP is built on a client-server architecture and uses separate control and data connections between the client and the server.

Hypertext Transfer Protocol
The Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is an application protocol for distributed, collaborative, hypermedia information systems.HTTP is the foundation of data communication for the World Wide Web.

Internet Message Access Protocol
Internet message access protocol (IMAP) is a protocol for e-mail retrieval and storage.

Telnet is a network protocol used on the Internet or local area networks to provide a bidirectional interactive text-oriented communication facility using a virtual terminal connection. User data is interspersed in-band with Telnet control information in an 8-bit byte oriented data connection over the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP).

Simple Network Management Protocol
SNMP is an “Internet-standard protocol for managing devices on IP networks”. Devices that typically support SNMP include routers, switches, servers, workstations, printers, modem racks and more.[1] It is used mostly in network management systems to monitor network-attached devices for conditions that warrant administrative attention.

Secure Shell
SSH is a cryptographic network protocol for secure data communication, remote command-line login, remote command execution, and other secure network services between two networked computers that connects, via a secure channel over an insecure network, a server and a client (running SSH server and SSH client programs, respectively).

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